TOEFL iBT® (Test of English as a Foreign Language) is a test to measure someone's ability to use English as a medium of communication in higher education.

In Indonesia, TOEFL iBT (internet Based Test) has replaced TOEFL PBT (Paper Based Test) dan TOEFL CBT (Computer Based Test) since 2005. The change of format also causes the change of score range to 0 – 120


TOEFL® Evolution

TOEFL® was created by ETS (Educational Testing Service) in Princeton, New Jersey, USA in 1964. The purposes of creating TOEFL was to screen potential university students who wanted to be enrolled in universities where English was used as a medium of communication. Until now, the format of TOEFL has been changed 3 times


The change of TOEFL® format affects the TOEFL score as shown in the graph below:



The following table explains the format of TOEFL iBT® in general:

Sections Number of Questions
Reading 3 - 5 passages, 12 - 14 questions each 60 - 100 minutes

4 - 6 lectures, 6 questions each

2 - 3 conversations, 5 questions each

60 - 90 minutes
Break*   10 minutes
Speaking 6 tasks: 2 independent tasks and 4 integrated tasks 20 minutes
Writing 2 tasks: 1 independent task and 1 integrated task 50 minutes

 * Test takers are allowed to drink water and or use the rest room, but are not allowed to leave test location


Beginning in March 2013, the Listening and Speaking sections of the TOEFL iBT® test will include non American native-speaker English accents in addition to accents from North America. Test takers may hear accents from the United Kingdom, New Zealand or Australia.
This is the sample of lectures delivered in UK accent.



Reading Section

Passage Length Number of Passages and Questions Time
Approximately 700 words

3 - 5 passages

12 - 14 questions per passage

60 - 100 minutes


Listening Section

Listening Material
Number of Questions Time

4 - 6 lectures, 3 - 5 minutes long each

6 questions for every lecture 60 - 90 minutes
2 - 3 conversations, approximately 3 minutes long each 5 questions for every conversation


Speaking Section

Tasks Task Descriptions Time
Independent Tasks
Personal Preferences This question asks the test taker to express and defend a personal choice from a given category—for example, important people or places, or events or activities that the test taker enjoys.

Preparation: 15 seconds

Respond time: 45 seconds

Choices This question asks the test taker to make and defend a personal choice.

Preparation: 15 seconds

Respond time: 45 seconds
Integrated Tasks
Campus Situation Topic
  • A reading passage (75–100 words) presents a campus-related issue.
  • A listening passage (60–80 seconds, 150–180 words) comments on the issue in the reading.
  • The question asks the test taker to summarize the speaker’s opinion within the context of the reading passage.

Preparation: 30 seconds

Respond time: 60 seconds

Academic Course Topic
  • A reading passage (75–100 words) broadly defi nes a term, process, or idea from an academic subject.
  • An excerpt from a lecture (60–90 seconds; 150–220 words) provides examples and specifi c information to illustrate the term, process, or idea from the reading passage.
  • The question asks the test taker to combine and convey important information from the reading passage and the lecture.

Preparation: 30 seconds

Respond time: 60 seconds
Campus Situation Topic
  • The listening passage (60–90 seconds; 180–220 words) is a conversation about a student-related problem and two possible solutions.
  • The question asks the test taker to demonstrate understanding of the problem and to express an opinion about solving the problem.

Preparation: 20 seconds

Respond time: 60 seconds
Academic Course Topic
  • The listening passage is an excerpt from a lecture (90–120 seconds; 230–280 words) that explains a term or concept and gives concrete examples to illustrate it.
  • The question asks the test taker to summarize the lecture and demonstrate an understanding of how the examples relate to the overall topic.

Preparation: 20 seconds

Respond time: 60 seconds


Writing Section

Tasks Task Descriptions

Tugas Terintegrasi


  • Test takers read a short text of about 230–300 words (3 minutes’ reading time) on an academic topic.
  • Test takers listen to a speaker discussing the same topic from a different perspective. The reading passage goes during the listening part, it reappears when it is time for the test takers to begin writing so they can refer to it as they are working.
  • Test takers are asked to write a summary in connected English prose of important points made in the listening passage and explain how these relate to the points made in the reading passage.
  • Suggested response length is 150–225 words; however, there is no penalty for writing more, as long as it is in response to  the task presented.
20 minutes

Independent Writing Task

Writing based on knowledge and experience

  • Test takers are asked to write an essay that states, explains, and supports their opinion on an issue.
30 minutes

In TOEFL iBT test, test takers are allowed to take notes during the test using the provided notes. The notes will be collected before test takers leave the testing room.

TOEFL iBT sample test used in previous tests can be downloaded here.



The score of TOEFL iBT® is 0 - 120, with score range per session is 0 - 30. The TOEFL iBT score is valid for 2 years after the test date.

Score Report

With internet based format, the score of TOEFL iBT can be viewed online through TOEFL® Registration site by choosing menu "View Scores" after logging in. The score can be viewed online 2 weeks after the test.

Printed score reports can be received 4 – 6 weeks after ETS send them. The score reports are sent directly from ETS, USA to the test takers and 4 recipient institutions chosen by the test takers, free of charge. Test takers can order additional score reports through TOEFL® Registration site by choosing  menu "Order Score Reports". Fee for additional score report is USD 18 per score report.


TOEFL® Score Scales

On the score report received by test takers, there will be provided test taker's level of English proficiency on listening, reading, speaking and writing skills.

Skills Score Range
Level of Proficiency
Listening 0 - 30

High (22–30)

Intermediate (15–21)

Low (0–14)

Reading 0 - 30

High (22–30)

Intermediate (15–21)

Low (0–14)

Speaking 0 - 30

Good (26–30)

Fair (18–25)

Limited (10–17)

Weak (0–9)

Writing 0 - 30

Good (24–30)

Fair (17–23)

Limited (1–16)

Score Uses

TOEFL iBT® score can be used for:


Scoring Process

ETS uses human raters and automated scoring methods to accurately describe the test taker's skill.

TOEFL® uses automated scoring methods to complete the scoring process conducted by himan rates for 2 tasks in writing section. By combining human raters assessment to measure content and goals of the writing and automated scoring methods to assess the linguistic features, ETS ensures the consistency and quality of TOEFL iBT.

Scores for Speaking and Writing sections are assessed by more than one human raters to maintain the scoring objectivity.


Higher Education Institutions Accepting TOEFL iBT® Score

The following is several universities which accept TOEFL iBT® score:

  • Harvard University
  • University of Melbourne
  • University of Cape Town
  • University of Oxford

List of higher education institutions which accept TOEFL® score can be found here: TOEFL® Go Anywhere.



As the largest test center in Indonesia, International Test Center does not provide nor endorse any English courses for maintaining the test objectivity. Test takers can prepare themselves using official learning tools from ETS. There are three learning tools provided by ETS both printed and online:

An authentic practice test from ETS, maker of the TOEFL iBT test, which simulates the real testing experience and provides test score at the end of the test.

An official preparation book from ETS which contains questions and answers of previous TOEFL iBT® test.

10 Free TOEFL iBT® Study Resources is provided to help Indonesian people prepare themselves well before taking the TOEFL® iBT test.







The fee to take TOEFL iBT® is Rp. 2.200.000. Payment can be made through credit card, voucher or electronic check.



  • The TOEFL iBT® test schedule in International Test Center can be found here.
  • The TOEFL iBT® test schedule in Indonesia can be found here.


Step by Step for Registration

Step 1: LOGIN

TOEFL iBT® registration can only be done through this site: For new users, please sign up to create new account. If you have created an account before, please log in using your user name and password.


Make sure you input your name exactly as written on your ID, then create a user name and password you will use to log in. Test takers under 17 years old which does not have national ID (KTP)/passport can use student card.


After creating a profile, a confirmation page will appear. Read carefully and make sure the spelling of your name is the same as the one written on your ID. The mistakes on providing ID which matches the name you register will cause test cancellation without refund.


To register for TOEFL iBT® test, the following options will appear:

  1. View Order (s)
  2. Register for a Test/Order Score Reports
  3. View Scores
  4. Confirm a Group Registration

Choose the second option: Register for a Test/Order Score Reports


Next, the test taker will be asked to choose location and date for the test.


Besides the one sent to test taker, score reports will also be sent to up to 4 institutions free of charge. To send free score reports to 4 institutions the test takers choose, they have to decide and input the name of the recipients until 10 pm (local test center time) a day before the test day. After that, the test takers can still change and add score report recipients, but they have to pay score report fee.

Step 7: PAY

Payment can be made through credit card, voucher, or electronic check. The voucher can be purchased using Rupiah for the currency in International Test Center (ITC), Country Master Distributor for TOEFL iBT® by contacting TOEFL iBT hotline number: 0821 2323 7788 (regular rate applied) or by visiting PT. International Test Center's office, Plaza Sentral 17th floor, Jalan Jendral Sudirman Kav. 47, Jakarta, Phone: +6221 5711943, Fax: +6221 5711 944


After making the payment, a payment confirmation page will appear. After that, please access the bonus, which is FREE TOEFL iBT® Sample.

Complete step by step for TOEFL iBT® registration can be downloaded here:

The registration is closed 3 days before the test date (not included the test date) and test takers will be charged late fee USD 35.

TOEFL® Resource Center

International Test Center (ITC) is TOEFL® Resource Center in Indonesia. As a Resource Center, ITC provides information in bahasa Indonesia about TOEFL®, voucher can be purchased in Rupiah and test takers can get learning tools by contacting TOEFL® Resource Center:

TOEFL iBT® Hotline Number:

0821 2323 7788 (regular rate applied)

E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

International Test Center

Plaza Sentral 17th Floor

Jalan Jendral Sudirman Kav. 47

Jakarta, 12930

Telp. +6221 5711943

Fax. +6221 5711944


Related Articles:

 "TOEFL® are registered trademark of Educational Testing Service (ETS) in the United States and other countries, used under license in Indonesia.”

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